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This is what you should know about gum disease
Gum disease is a very common bacterial disease that almost all of experienced at least once in our lifetime. It can vary in terms of degree of severity going from a slight swell of the gums to complete tooth loss if not treated in time. But how does gum disease come to life? Our oral cavity is populated with virtually millions of bacteria; some are good and some are bad. The bad bacteria usually come together to form an invisible film we call plaque. Now plaque is the principal factor leading to gum disease since if its not regularly removed from the teeth's surface, it build up and pushing bacteria towards the gums. Once the gums are attacked by all the bacteria contained in plaque, with time these little destroyers travel all the way up to the bone and surrounding connective tissues, eating it up and leaving the tooth loose. Eventually, gum disease will lead to loosing your tooth or teeth. There are two gum disease phases to differentiate, one being described as gingivitis and the other one known as periodontitis.

Gingivitis, the first stage of gum disease, usually precedes periodontitis but does not lead to the latter in all cases. Gingivitis is characterized by red, swollen gums that present some bleeding, especially while brushing or flossing your teeth.

In this stage gingivitis is easily treatable but if left untreated, it will probably lead to periodontitis. Once that happens, your gums recedes to form  pockets that collect food debris and more bacteria. These keep traveling up and once the bone is attacked, it gets slowly destroyed along with all surrounding tissues. The main symptoms of gum disease include the following ones:
  • Swollen gums
  • Redness in the gum area
  • Bleeding during brushing or flossing
  • The presence of pockets between your tooth and your gum
  • Receding gums
  • Loose teeth

There are many common ways and dental procedures to cure gum disease, depending on the stage the disease is in. Some of the common treatments include removing the diseased gum tissue, removing the tartar underneath the gums, replacing part of the bone with bone grafts, tissue regeneration treatment and so one. However, the best way to cure gum disease is not to get to it at all.

Prevention is the key to keep your teeth and gums healthy at all times and there are a few rules to follow in order to keep your smile perfect throughout the years. Remember that a regular dental hygiene routine is the number one ally against all dental diseases. Sometimes it can happen that even when taking good care of your teeth, caries or other inflammation may appear. That is why it's also important to have your teeth checked and professionally cleaned at least twice a year. Furthermore, there are some specific factors that can contribute to gum disease. Hormonal abnormalities, stress, smoking, bad nutrition and bruxism can facilitate the bacteria to accumulate on the surface of your teeth or attack your gums. However don't panic, even if you do notice your gums are swollen or red, as long as you react immediately gingivitis is completely curable in a short time.